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Best Web Application Development Languages of 2023

Learn the most relevant and functional web application development languages that you can use today to build your next web application!

Written by RamotionApr 22, 202212 min read

Last updated: Jan 31, 2024

If you look in any search engine with a query "top programming languages," you'll find tons of surveys and research papers that state a lot of programming languages that are based on a variety of criteria. Each report can be relevant and connected with software developers who wish to determine whether their programming abilities are in demand or if they should upgrade their skills. Business people, on the other hand, are left out of the loop and unaware of the appropriate web app development languages, which are most often used to create web pages and web applications.

Our progressive web app development services company experts provided a clear perspective regarding the most popular web app programming language for 2023. Let's take a close and detailed look at each of the entries that we have carefully described in this extensive article.

Criterias to choose a programming language for web application

Obviously, before you even begin to develop a web app, you need to choose the best programming language for web database applications that will guarantee that your app will be fresh as ever. And there are tons of criteria and questions that you need to ask yourself before the development process. In this section, we provided a list of the most frequent and common criteria that a lot of developers and business owners consider when choosing an appropriate web application language.

Industry and consumer trends

Certain languages are just hitting the top of the worldwide charts and are getting extremely popular among a wide range of companies. There are a lot of reasons and factors that affect it: starting from the simplicity of the programming language and ending with its features, and development time.

The other languages, on the contrary, may stay in the shadows and be used by a certain number of developers. But nonetheless, they will still be in the charts and lists of the most popular web app programming languages. So be very careful and extremely attentive to each programming language you will encounter in the research papers and surveys, as each one has its own reasons to be there. understand why and how the developers use a particular language and why it is so important.

We suggest you start with one of the more popular languages. Without video lessons, essays, examples of real-world applications, and the ability to ask the community questions, a language will be extremely easy to learn but still popular nonetheless.

Connection with different languages

Attaching a new language to an existing tech stack is one of the methods to break the cycle of the popular statement "No one uses it!" Clojure and Scala are two languages that are basically used on a daily basis for Java. Another example would be JS with TypeScript or Erlang with Elixir. However, there were no instances of harming the primary programming ecosystem.

What is the motivation behind this? It is pointless to learn a second language prior to learning the main one. Clojure will tell you that you "do not need" to be familiar with Java. However, you will notice that a sizable portion of their content is directly related to Java. So do not follow these provocations, focus on the main language and identify the secondary ones that will assist you in the development process.

The language's vision

Certain developers have a tendency to badmouth certain programming languages. Even if the next version of PHP introduces immutability, cleans up all its flaws, and abandons OOP, it will continue to be regarded as an extremely poor language due to the established “poor language” concept. Why? Individuals dislike changing their notions and affixed labels.

Certain languages do not have such “customs”. Look at the Python source code or the Clojure source code. There is nothing but a hailstorm here. Nonetheless, everyone regards these languages as “sages”, and casual counter-arguments are regarded with confusion. Thus, when choosing the right programming language, think about the developers' perception of the chosen language and their expertise.

Market demand

By calculating the total number of job openings for web developers, you can actually assume which best programming language for enterprise web applications is currently in demand. A high demand generates a high supply. However, when estimating the "number of vacancies," keep the competition factor in mind. Keep an eye out for trends. While you're learning a new "hot" framework, it can "cool down", sooner than you might expect. Even if you see a list of the client-side web application languages, you may still choose the one that is most suited to your web development needs.

Size and complexity

Modules and libraries are well-suited for programming web applications. However, if you're working on larger (or even enterprise-based) web projects with a lot of features, such as social networking websites or e-commerce apps, you'll need more alternatives, tools, and resources for that. Thus consider the type of project you want to execute and its complexity beforehand.


Business is all about broadening one's horizons. If you want to improve your web app traffic, your servers must be able to handle a strong load without experiencing slowness. Thus, a carefully chosen technology that is able to scale your web app will significantly improve overall traffic.

Past web applications

Regardless of how successfully you've completed previous projects, the technology stacks that you have used should not affect the programming language you want to choose for the new project. Each project should have distinct requirements and it doesn’t matter what language you choose. What matters is the result.

Personal preferences

Do not simply follow your “instincts” or what you feel will fit perfectly for your project. There are multiple factors that you have to consider before you can actually make a clear choice for a web app programming language. Continue to follow current trends and technologies to make the right choice.

Web Application Development Languages


Java is the second-best language for web apps, right behind Python. It has taken this place for several years already, due to its high scalability. Additionally, with Java full-stack engineers, you may save tons of hours on repetitive coding for developers to optimize website performance and performance.

Due to its cross-platform features, it adds a lot of value to web development for businesses. For instance, the Java runtime environment module converts code to machine code suitable to native operating systems, like Linux, for example. Additionally, if you're looking to hire web developers specializing in Java, you'll find a lot of them, since businesses prefer Java due to its comprehensive security features. The language itself has been included in several frameworks for developing web applications, such as Spring, or Hibernate.


Python, for the longest time, has and is still one of the most flexible web application languages. It has a very simple and optimal environment for web application development. It includes the basic scripts and easy connections to the relevant databases. Python's greatest strength is its ability to develop neural networks for artificial intelligence, which is very trending today.

Its extensive library and compatibility with operating systems make it a valuable tool for lots of developers. One thing to keep in mind is that web developers have moved on to Python 3 following Python's discontinuation in 2020


Microsoft created C# as a secure alternative to C and C++. Since its birth, C# has remained one of the most popular languages for web apps. C# is the fourth most frequently searched language for tutorials on Google. The language is utilized for a wide variety of tasks that heavily involve server application development.

It is an object-oriented language that is optimized for CLI use and includes executable code. The number of safety features allows developers to compile and run-time errors, while the automatic garbage mechanism removes everything automatically. C# enables easy integration with other programming languages components. The extensive library collection streamlines the development process and enables the implementation of a wide variety of functions. It is a relatively popular language choice for new developers to learn the best programming language for web application development.


Typescript as one of the core web app languages has gained a lot of popularity in recent years. This particular web app programming language has risen to fourth place in GitHub pull requests as of the fourth quarter of 2021. Apart from Microsoft and Google's support, there are more reasons for its popularity.

TypeScript extends JavaScript to enable more powerful functionality at any business scale, thus making it the best language for large scale web apps. Simply put, TypeScript is like JavaScript but with static typing enabled whenever you want it. In comparison to JavaScript code, Typescript code is more refactorable, allowing developers to easily eliminate errors and rebuild the existing code.


JavaScript has retained its leadership position in web apps languages over the past few years. Businesses are seeking additional front-end web development services in order to redesign their applications and JavaScript-based frameworks are one of the essential choices that they can easily find.

JavaScript can be used in combination with HTML and CSS to create interactive apps. Due to its versatility, it is the preferred and best web application language for enterprises for the majority of web development organizations.

By staying on top of all other programming web app coding languages, it demonstrates that demand for web development services continues to grow and javaScript is the best language that satisfies the needs of the majority of developers.


PHP is one of the greatest languages for web applications for developing web apps, even though a lot of people may continue to criticize it and voice their negative opinion about it.

It's a dynamic, server-side scripting and the best programming language for web applications that makes developing fully working web apps simple. If that isn't enough, half of the internet runs on PHP. In fact, WordPress is written in PHP. Additionally, there are a lot of PHP-based frameworks such as Larvel, for example. Each one is a powerful tool that enables the rapid development of web applications utilizing the MVC architectural pattern. Do not listen to those who claim PHP is useless. If you are a developer and you find it simple - utilize it.


Ruby is another best language for web applications. As with PHP and Python, Ruby is a simple-to-learn language and it is ideal for novices. What distinguishes Ruby from other top web application languages is the Ruby on Rails framework is used in such big companies as Shopify, Airbnb, GoodReads, and Kickstarter.

If you're unfamiliar with Rails, it has the same framework as PHP (MVC) that pre-structures a database, the back-end of a web app, and the visual part of web pages. For data transfer, the framework uses JSON or XML, and for user interfaces - HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.


If you believe that Go is not widely used by developers, as one of the languages for web app development, do not believe this superstition anymore. Instead, look over last year's Stack Overflow survey and be amazed that it was one of the top five most popular programming languages worldwide. Go is one of the statically typed programming web application development languages developed at Google with a syntax close to C/C++.

Go enables developers to create more scalable and secure web apps. One of the Go is that it supports multithreading and also has a garbage collection for autonomous memory management. Among the other advantages are its ease of learning, Google support, compiled language, robust standard library, and high performance.


VueJS is one of the frontend web application programming languages for creating structured and engaging web applications. It is easy to learn and simple to use. It's intended to simplify the development of a range of web elements, and it's very adaptable. Additionally, due to its affordability and reliability, as well as its popularity among developers, it provides rapid and dependable solutions for SMB firms.

Vue is a good choice for beginners that need to work on projects fairly quickly. It includes thorough documentation and requires developers with only a basic understanding of HTML and JavaScript to begin building code.


Perl is one of the excellent programming languages for web applications. It is an evolving and best web application development language that has captivated the interest of web developers. Initially, the aim was limited to text manipulation; however, it has expanded to include web applications, system management, network programming, and network administration. GUI development, for example.

Its text manipulation capabilities and short development cycle make it excellent for developing web applications and administering networks. It has advantages since it is a fast language that produces efficient programs. Manipulation of text and a quick development cycle. As a result, it is a perfect language for businesses if a particular notion succeeds. It is, however, not as frequent as others that have been stable for years.


The final choice of your web app language and the relevant framework selection will have a direct effect on your web app requirements as well as the business goals you are pursuing. There are a lot of criteria that you should base your final choice on and it’s perfectly fine to take your time to analyze each language. So we hope that after reading this article you will gain significant comprehension of the right web app programming language that you need to choose for your project. As well as the web app programming languages that are currently popular among the many modern companies.