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User Pain Points: Types of Issues and Their Significance

What are user pain points in UI/UX design and why is it important to understand them? Learn how to take care of the customers’ concerns effectively.

Written by RamotionFeb 23, 202313 min read

Last updated: Feb 25, 2024

UI/UX design is all about the customer experience, aiming to increase overall satisfaction. This, in turn, helps in creating better products and services, thus improving the brand image. UX researchers spend a lot of time, energy, and resources on identifying the needs of users, understanding their concerns, and ensuring that the problems are resolved in a timely manner. When creating a better user experience, one of the most important aspects to consider is customer pain points.

These pain points can consist of various usability issues in the customer journey. UI/UX professionals conduct user research to get a better understanding of the nature and gravity of these pain points, then devise strategies to resolve these concerns, with the help of the design principles and frameworks.

User Pain Points (Priscila Avila on Medium)

In this article, we introduce the concept of user pain points and user problems. We discuss different types of customer pain points along with strategies to address them. The article concludes with the best practices to resolve user pain points at any journey level.

Read along as we dive into this important discussion, and highlight how a pain point can become a serious concern for designers.

Introduction to user pain points

For a UI/UX designer, it is important to understand the concept of the user or customer pain points. A pain point is any problem that the users face while interacting with a product or service. This issue can be encountered at any point in the customer journey. It is critical to note that if user experience designers fail to identify pain points and address them appropriately, these can leave a bad impact on the perception and performance of the product.

Modern organizations spend a lot of resources on understanding the needs and pain points of the customers. Designers try to find out the major concerns of users by conducting qualitative and quantitative research. It is important to invest time and money into this practice, as the results can revolutionize the design of a product or service. The findings of such research studies truly justify the ROI of UX design by alleviating the issues that can leave a bad impact on the overall user experience.

Identifying customer pain points is an important element of user research. Designers and researchers go into the field, talk to existing and prospective customers, gather their feedback, and understand the problems they face at any journey level. This helps in getting insights into the overall user experience, which can then help in creating effective strategies to overcome the issues.

Types of user pain points

At any interaction level, customers can run into several issues. These can be related to different aspects, such as technical issues with the product or service, the design of any element, the presence or absence of a feature, the information architecture, etc. Depending on their level and severity of impact, customer pain points are of different types, such as navigation pain points, interaction level pain points, financial pain points, product pain points, and many others.

In this section, we discuss four important types of customer pain points.

Navigation pain points

Navigation pain points are one of the most common types of customer pain points. These include the issues that users face because of bad, unresponsive, or unexpected behavior of navigation. For example, when a clickable item in the drop-down menu does not lead to any webpage, the users get frustrated. Navigation issues are not restricted to a specific journey level pain point, instead, their frequency can be much greater. The best way to understand and resolve these pain points is to conduct comprehensive user testing.

The Problems of Bad Navigation (Nielsen-Norman Group)

User experience pain points

User experience pain points are the ones that are most closely associated with the overall satisfaction of the users. The presence or absence of these issues has the power to dictate the relationship level of customers with the product or service.

Identifying pain points related to the user experience is important for researchers and designers, as the success or failure of a product heavily depends on them.

Technical pain points

Technical issues in accomplishing the tasks and the bottlenecks faced in the form of process pain points fall under the category of technical pain points. These usability issues can arise because of some technical issues in the product, service, or platform.

For example, the problem one can face when transferring money, sending a gift, or placing an online order because of some unknown technical error. These issues cannot be resolved without proper collaboration between the design and development teams.

Product or service pain points

Service or product pain points are the ones that are directly related to the design and delivery of the interface platform that the customers interact with. These include aspects such as the usefulness of a particular product, the aesthetic elements, and the overall utility of the product or service itself.

These issues can also occur because of a certain financial pain point in the user journey. Product or service pain points can be the hardest to rectify as these closely align with the business model and goals.

Strategies for addressing user pain points

Understanding the nature and significance of customer pain points is only the beginning. It is important for UI/UX designers to highlight the importance of these issues, prioritize them according to their impact, and then address them appropriately.

When it comes to addressing customer pain points, UI/UX designers have tried and tested several strategies, identifying the ones that work best. It is always a good idea to incorporate these strategies into the design process, so the key principles and overall goals do not get neglected.

When addressing a user pain point, the following four strategies can prove highly effective.

Empathy and understanding

One of the fundamental principles of UI/UX design is to develop empathy for the customers. This rule comes in handy when understanding issues and addressing the users’ needs. Empathy and understanding here mean that when the designers identify pain points, they should keep their own biases and expertise aside.

Sticking to the UX design mantra, i.e., ‘the users are not like me’, helps in this process. By focusing on the users, designers can give attention to specific issues and understand the reasons that support pain points. An objective and thorough approach can go a long way in resolving the issues.

Gathering data

The users play a critical role in the entire process of identifying and resolving the pain points. This is where the designers and researchers can bring their expertise to the table. Carefully designed user interviews and usability testing sessions ensure that useful information is gathered from the target audience.

If the designers have fewer data, and therefore little information, about customer pain points, it will become increasingly difficult to resolve the issues. Data collection requires careful selection of participants and attention to detail. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are helpful in understanding the pain points of users.

Gather Data from User Tests (UsabilityHub)

Prioritizing and solving

Once the UX researchers have gathered all the data necessary for each customer pain point, the next step is to understand how critical each one of these is. This is where qualitative feedback and observations are extremely helpful. Based on the information gathered from usability tests and interviews, the designers then prioritize pain points.

This helps in creating an effective problem-solving strategy, with specific timelines and milestones. In any UI/UX design process, time is of the essence. Prioritization of user pain points helps the teams stay on track, thus ensuring the timely delivery of solutions.

Continuous monitoring

It is important to note that the resolution of a handful of customer pain points does not guarantee that the users will not face any issues in the future. The needs of users keep on changing at a rapid pace, therefore, giving rise to new issues.

For any successful organization, it is important to ensure constant monitoring of the product or service. This means going back to an already resolved pain point, understanding the change in performance, identifying new issues, and going through the iterative design process of meeting the needs of the target audience.

Impact of user pain points on customers

The abundance of pain points in any product or service can significantly impact the overall customer experience. When pain points keep appearing in the user journey, it leads to frustration and dissatisfaction with the design, thus leading the users to abandon the product or service.

There are several examples of bad UX design where a single poor design choice at the customer journey level is enough to drive the users away. Since there are many alternatives available for customers in today’s competitive digital market, it only takes one error for them to switch to a better option.

Some of the most significant impacts of pain points appear in the following ways.

Decreased satisfaction

When using a digital or physical product, we want the experience to be smooth and free of any issues. Our relationship level with any design is defined by the amount and nature of the feelings we get before, during, and after the interaction. In case of excessive customer pain points, the level of satisfaction is bound to go down.

A product can never be regarded as a successful one if it has dissatisfied customers. Therefore, irrespective of their nature, designers identify the causes that support pain points and ensure their eradication, thus providing a better experience to the users.

User Pain Points Decrease Customer Satisfaction (One Contact Center)

Decreased loyalty

It is no surprise that when customers are dissatisfied, they are never going to stick with your product or service. If one is being fair, the customers cannot be blamed for this. When the customer experience is filled with pain points, there is no joy in using the product, hence the only logical thing to do is to move away. It is important to note that all relationship level pain points, whether before, during, or after the interaction, can drive the target audience away from the design, along with the added impact of reducing the number of prospective customers.

Therefore, it is important to carefully analyze, prioritize, and address all the customer pain points, thus ensuring customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Decreased productivity

When the customer journey is filled with process pain points, it becomes harder for the users to accomplish their tasks. The time on task, along with the number of errors and failures, increases, thus leading to decreased productivity.

The design, therefore, does not help the users in achieving their goals, leaving a bad impact on the overall experience. It is important to note that the priority of any designer is to make the lives of the target audiences easy. If the users keep running into issues, there is no way they can have a smooth and easy experience.

Increased churn

The churn rate is defined by the number or percentage of customers who stop using a product or service after a certain time. If the customers are not satisfied or happy with their experience, they will not be loyal to the product, and will, therefore, stop interacting with the design. The presence of a critical pain point, therefore, directly impacts the business and profitability of the organization.

The field of UI/UX design and research has a direct relationship with the success – or failure – of a business. It is important to give due consideration to the pain points and breakages in the customer journey, so the users can get a meaningful experience.

Best practices for resolving customer pain points

Expert researchers and designers have tried and tested several methods of addressing customer pain points. From conducting qualitative research, gathering quantitative data, performing heuristic analysis, designing user tests and observational studies, and managing focus groups, there are several ways to ensure that the voice of the customers is not only heard but understood and considered during the design process.

However, there are several best practices that are common in all the popular approaches to resolving customer pain points.

Sticking to the following best practices can ensure better design and proper resolution of user pain points.

Understanding the problem

The first and most important step when resolving an issue is to understand the nature and severity of the issue. This attitude helps designers identify customer pain points, highlight a specific problem, and then take steps for its resolution. Some of the best ways to understand a pain point are by talking to the customers by conducting user interviews and focus groups. It is important for researchers and designers to be open in such sessions, so they can get a better understanding of the users’ perspectives.

Understanding Customer Pain Points (CommBox)

Prioritizing the problem

When working on identification issues, it can sometimes get overwhelming for the design team to focus on a specific pain point. This is why prioritization of the pain points at any customer journey level is extremely important. For example, is it better to resolve the financial pain points first and then move to any other relationship level pain point? This is where collaboration and communication between different teams and among the members of the design team come in handy.

Finding solutions

Once the customer pain points are identified, understood, and prioritized, the next best thing to do is to devise strategies to resolve the issues. This is where all the data gathered from user research, usability tests, interviews, and the knowledge of the designers and researchers come together with the aim to find the best solution. It is important to note that this process can be time-consuming and iterative in nature, but the goal is to conduct constant tests and ensure that the best experience is created for the customers.

Continuous monitoring and improvement

The process of finding and resolving pain points is iterative. As the needs of customers evolve, it is natural for new issues to arise. It is, therefore, one of the best practices to keep a constant check on the new pain points, and also to analyze the solutions previously adopted. This way the designers can keep their products and services updated, ensuring that all concerns of the customers get addressed quickly and efficiently.

Regular Monitoring of the Product or Service (Dribble)


For any product or service, whether in the physical or the digital environment, the feedback of users, their concerns, and their needs are of extreme importance. This holds true for the existing as well as the prospective customers.

A comprehensive analysis of customer pain points, in the light of design principles and best practices, ensures that the users’ needs are not overlooked during the design process.

The data gathered by identifying and understanding a single pain point can give designers a lot to think about, thus motivating them to come up with innovative and effective solutions for the target audience.

In this article, we introduced the concept of customer pain points, along with the four most common pain points, and the strategies to address them. It is important for all organizations to conduct thorough research so they can identify these and other pain points, and then adopt the best practices discussed above to ensure their timely resolution.

A product or service can never be successful if the customers keep running into issues and their experience keeps getting impacted by pain points. Therefore, designers and design teams must pay close attention to the existing and emerging pain points, thus identifying areas for improvement.